Shab E Barat
What is Shab e Barat?
Shab e barat, as its name suggests it is the night of significance.
This night is observed on the 14th-15th of 8th month as per Islamic calendar, this month is called shaban, Shab barat is the night of fortune and salvation, on shab barat people offer namaz in the night and seek salvation from God Almighty.
Shab barat is also called 15 shaban because this is celebrated on the night of 15th of shaban month, as this is the mid of the very prominent Islamic month.
This night also considered shab e qadr, shab e qadr means the night of honor.
Shab e Barat History
Nisf shaban in not clearly mentioned in quran though, but there are two verses which indicate for this blessed night.
Most of the Islamic scholars across the globe whether Deobandi or Barelvi irrespective of the school of faith come to the common platform and declare this is the night of salvation.
On this shab e qadr people awake whole night some of them half of the night and some of them the last part of the night, which is considered the most crucial time for prayer according to many authentic Prophetic hadiths.
Doebandi and Bareilvi scholars organize some events where they give Islamic sermons based on quarnic verses and prophetic hadiths, Scholars give sermons in some dedicated big grounds, madarsas, mosques, dargahs etc.
On this night people visit dargahs to do chadarposhi or chiragha & seek help of Auliya Allah for the salvation from Allah (Sbt).
Present chadar at the dargah of Auliya Allah and seek help.
Night of nisf shaban is also the night when god almighty determines the destinies of the people, this includes who is living and who is dying in the coming year.
Shab e Barat and Shab e Miraj Difference
Shab e barat and shab e miraj are two different events let us start with shab e miraj.
Shab e miraj is clearly mentioned in Holy Quran in the first verse of surah Isra, Isra means journey, this event is also known as meraj un nabi, this miraj un nabi is referred to Prophetic journey from Makkah to Jerusalem (Masjid ul Aqsa) and Jerusalem to heaven to meet Allah (Sbt).
Allah (Sbt) called Prophet Muhammad from Makkah to heaven and send him back from heaven to Makkah in single night.
This isra and miraj is the journey while prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) got the gift of 5 daily prayers which is called Namaz, this event is one the most important signs of prophethood.
Meraj un Nabi is mentioned in several Islamic books, describing the story in their way but the most authentic narrations is the narration in Sahih Bukhari.
“Narrated By Abu Huraira: On the night Allah’s Apostle was taken on a night journey (Miraj) two cups, one containing wine and the other milk, were presented to him at Jerusalem. He looked at it and took the cup of milk. Gabriel said, “Praise be to Allah Who guided you to Al-Fitra (the right path); if you had taken (the cup of) wine, your nation would have gone astray.”
So, the short version of the story is.
In the night of 27th of 7th Islamic month called Rajab, angel Gabriel came to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and got him to Jerusalem on burraq (a white horse kind of animal), where he prayed with rest of the prophets and prophet Muhammad led the prayer.
After leading the prayer angel Gabriel took him to heaven with the help of Allah almighty where he met different prophets on different heavens and at the zenith of the heavens Prophet (PBUH) met Allah (SBT) where he got the gift of 5 obligatory prayers.
Then he returned to Jerusalem & travelled back to Makkah, all this happened in single night.
Next morning while Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) expressed publicly about his journey, some of them believed but some of them ridiculed him.
When the first caliph of Prophet Hazrat Abu Baqr (R.A) heard about this news he believed instantly without the second thought.
Due to this acceptance he was awarded with the title of Siddiq, Siddiq means the approver of the truth.
How to Pray on Shab e Miraj
Since these prayers are not the obligatory prayers you can pray as you want and make dua for shab e miraj, but scholars have given a format of a prayer for this shab.
So, Isra and Meraj has below mentioned format for prayer
One should perform 12 rakaa’at nafl with one go, means you should not break your intention (Niya) before performing 12 raka’at nafl in one salam.
In every raka’at one must recite surah fateha (Alhamd Sharif) one time and Surah Ikhlas (Qul Hu Wallahu Ahad) thrice.
After completing 12 raka’ats one must
remain be seated on same place and recite hamd U tasbeeh of Allah (Sbt) 100 times
Subhanallahi wal humdu lillahi wa la elaha illal lahu walllahu akber
Then seek forgiveness from Allah (Sbt) 100 times
Astaghfirullaha rabbi min kulli zunbin wa atbu elaihi
Send 100 Darood on our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh)
And make dua, Allah will accept your prayers (In Sha Allah Ta’ala).
PS : All these number (other than raka’ats) are minimums you can recite these tasbeeh as much as you want, for ex: you can recite 1000 times rather then 100 times as much as you recite may Allah reward you more).
Nisf Shaban (Shab e Barat)
Nisf shaban or 15 shaban is the night of salvation, it is the night when Allah (Sbt) determines the destiny of a humankind, planning of this shab e qadr also includes who is going to live or die in next coming year.
What is destiny
Destiny is also called taqdeer in a very common language, so taqdeer is the detailed statement what a person is going to do, as we all know there are two types of destinies one is fixed which can never be changed and another one depends on your deeds, choices and dua
Examples of fixed destiny
When one will be born
In which gender one will be born
What will be one’s age
When will one die etc.
Unfixed destiny is the destiny that depends on choices, deed & dua, that’s why Allah (Sbt) has given free will to humans and jinns, humans and jinns can do whatever they want to do.
But Allah has given us a guide or commandments in the form of a book which is called Holy Quran & Sunnah of our beloved Prophet (PBUH). Who ever will follow the commandments of Holy Quran and Sunnah of Prophet will be succeed here in this life and hereafter.
As we all know making dua is highly recommended sunnah of beloved Prophet (PBUH), in the light of this hadith people make dua in hope for their better future.
Perform chadarposhi and make dua for your better future.
How to pray on 15 Shaban
offer 6 raka’at Nafl prayer (2+2+2), these nafl after Maghrib. After each two, we read Surah Yaseen and Surah Ikhlas 21 times.
Make below mention dua.
Dua for a long and prosperous life.
Dua for protection from calamity.
Dua for dependance on Allah alone, to the exclusion of His creations.
This special prayer, by the blessing of Allah Almighty, will give you a healthy and prosperous life for the coming year, Inshallah.
Then after isha prayer recite quran offer nafl namaz or qaza prayers (which you missed early in your lifetime) Salat ul Tasbeeh make dua recite Darood as much as possible.
How Shab e Barat Is Celebrated
Celebrations and preparations for shab e barat are started from several days before from 15 Shaban, people clean their houses, buy new clothes for this festival, prepare sweets, special food & distribute among their relatives, neighbors & poor the special sweet for this occasion is halwa, this halwa is made of several things such as semolina, gram pulse etc,
People visit their relatives and wish them with the wishes of Shab e barat Mubarak.
People also visit several islamic sites such as mosques, dargahs, majlis, graveyards and light the candle at the graves of their loved ones, and seek forgiveness for them from Allah (SBT).
Light a chiragha at the dargah of Auliya Allah and seek forgiveness for your loved ones
Just after the pious night people observe fast on next to complete this ritual, even this fast is nafl not obligatory one but it is considered very important act of worship while fasting the next of 15 Shaban, and observers expect huge reward for this.
When is Shab e Barat 2019
In 2019 shab e barat date in islamic calender is Apr 20th and will end on 21st April.
Significance of Shab e Barat
Shab e barat is a very significant month as this is the previous month from the most important month of Islamic calendar that is called ramadan, ramadan is the month in which people observe fasts for 30 days and this month end on the festival of Eid Ul Fitr,
In this mont people go for umrah also and combine it few days of ramadan month also for more blessings, Umrah in ramadan month is as crowded as Hajj.
Shab e barat is very prominent day or festival for Muslims on which they pray, socialize and greet each other.