Peer Budhan Ali Shah – Facts & History
We all know Baba Pir Budhan Ali Shah but very few of us know his real name which was Janab Shamsuddin. It is said that he lived about 500 years. Pir Budhan Ali Shah was born in Talwandi, in the erstwhile Punjab state of India. It is also the birth place of Guru Nanak Sahib. Talwandi is currently in Pakistan.
History doesn’t speak much about his early life but Khawaja Abdul Ghani has written that Pir Budhan Ali Shah was a pious saint and given supplications from his very childhood. Moreover, he writes that Budhan Ali was a man of high character.
Dargah Peer Baba ( Jammu)
The ‘Dargah’ of Peer Budhan Ali Shah is situated at Satwari area of Jammu near the Airport.
This dargah is not only quite globally famous but also associated with two of the most prominent Sikh Gurus.
Pir Baba was very religious and pious since his childhood. He was also a sufi saint. His resting place is in Jammu, a city in an Indian state of Kashmir. However, this Dargah is mostly visited by the people of all religions but Muslims and Sikhs keep visiting throughout the year.
This Dargah is famous for its several virtues one which is that visiting this Dargah keeps evil spirits away from every one’s life.
What is evil spirit here?
Evil spirits are the spirits which are considered unsatisfied and these spirits usually target humans to get the satisfaction, if someone is occupied by evil spirits it is very difficult to get away from it.
This shrine is also very famous for protecting the people of the Jammu city from mishaps and any other evil spirits.
Guru Nanak and Baba Budhan Ali Shah
The founder and the first of the ten Gurus of Sikhism was Guru Nanak. His birth place is Punjab which is now part of Pakistan. Guru Nanak and Pir Budhan Ali Shah were very close to each other because they both had a common birth place.
This brotherhood is very famous among all the devotees, however Guru Nanak and Baba Shamsuddin met on different occasions several times but once Guru Nanak invited Baba Shamsuddin to Anandpur Sahib (Pakistan) and suggested him to stay there but Pir Budhan Ali Shah declined saying that two swords cannot be kept in one scabbard. Guru Nanak agreed and said who ever comes to Anand Sahib will visit Kiratpur Sahib before.
Miracle of Guru Nanak in the form of Guru Hargobind Singh Sahib.
As the story goes, once Guru Nanak Sahib visited Peer baba but at the time of Guru Nanak’s return, peer budhan ali shah was concerned about his security. There was a man-eating lion loose in the fields hence he was concerned for Guru Nanak’s safety. Upon hearing this, Guru Nanak replied that if the lion hasn’t harmed Budhan Ali till now how could it harm him?
Then, in a miracle no less, the lion itself paid respect to Guru Nanak. Peer baba then ordered the lion to milk the goats and offered the milk to Guru Nanak, but he refused to drink the milk and told that he will drink this on sixth Padshahi (padshahi is the reign of guru).
Pir baba was concerned that he may not live that long as he was quite old at that time. So Guru Nanak blessed him a longer life and told him to keep trust. Guru Nanak then told that, as a sign of his appearance during the Padshahi, he hold Budhan Ali’s right thumb.
During the sixth Padshahi, Peer budhan ali shah demanded Guru Gobind Ji hold his right thumb which Hargobind Singh Ji did. After this peer baba offered him fresh and warm milk.
The authenticity of above story is, of course, unverified.
Gurudwara Tali Sahib
Guru Hargobind Ji has paid a visit to the tomb of Peer Baba Shah and hence the origin of the said tradition. Gurudwara Tali Sahib (Talab Tillo) is the place where the Guru Sahib stayed during his visit to Jammu city.
Peer Budhan Shah’s tomb stands near the Jammu airport. This is referred to as Khanqah-e-Budhan Ali Shah. State records have the registration of this shrine under this title. The tomb of Peeran-e-peer Wahid Imad-Ul-Mulk Hazrat Budhan Ali Shah. His original grave is said to be in Kiratpur. He was buried there according to his wish. In the courtyard are the graves of the goats and the lions. Few of the devotees brought handful of mud from the tomb at Kiratpur and raised this shrine in Jammu and built a tomb on it.
Baba Shamsuddin’s journey to Jammu
This is not properly known as to how Pir Budhan Ali Shah reached Jammu. But this is certain that he reached here after two great saints Pir Roshan Ali Shah & Pir Mitha. These were the two great saints who migrated to Jammu before Satwari wale Peer Baba, in 15th century who was the one of the Muslim holy men who reached here before the Muslims invaders. Pir Budhan Ali Shah is also called as Satwari wale Peer Baba, his Dargah is located towards Satwari region near Jammu airport hence his title.
Miracle of Peer Budhan Ali Shah
The small portion of the shrine was pulled down due to the construction of the Jammu airport runway. However the runway was completed but there were a few hurdles as mentioned below.
- Landing and take-off problems were faced by the pilots.
- Airplane engine failed to start without any valid reasons.
One day Baba Peer Budhan Ali Shah appeared in a vision of some officers and told them to leave his place as he wanted to be in peace. A new runway was built in another place and this runway was demolished.
Devotees of Shrine
Devotees of Peer Baba belong to almost every religion, they are Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs.They gather on the shrine every Thursday to offer biryani and beat the drums.
This is called Dargah langar, thousands of people eat from Dargah langar no matter what caste, color or creed they belong to. This langar is an example of national harmony.
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