A brief history and facts about Dargah
What is a Dargah?
The resting place of Sufi Saints or dervesh is called Dargah;the Shrine built over the grave of Sufi Saints or dervesh is called Dargah. These shrines are often visited by devotees and sufis through out the year to seek blessings and salvation, devotees visit Dargahs with one or many expectations.
They pray and perform chadarposhi to make their wish come true. Chadar is a kind of respect to the aulia allah which devotee pay to them and chadars have variations in design and stuff. Chadars are easily available only in the dargah premises. You can easily opt the chadar of your choice.
Why are Dargahs built?
The reason behind building the shrine (Dargah) is to separate the graves of Sufi saints of dervesh from normal humans as these sufi saints are very close to Allah (SBT) and are considered as the friends of Allah (SBT) They are not considered dead like normal humans but are still alive and transferred to a different world.
It is the belief that the sufi saints still listen and respond but in other way that is the reason that people visit their Dargahs to make dua from Allah (SBT) with their reference and perform chadarposhi and chiragha (lighting a lamp on grave) as a token of respect.
How many Dargahs are in India?
India has many Dargahs as there are many sufis and saints there. Almost every city has a Dargah in the langauge of Sunni Islam. India is the land of Auliya Allah.
Who is baba Dargah?
Baba Dargah is the term which is used among the people it is kind a phrase of respect, as well all know that the sufis are very close to Allah (SBT). Common people can’t call them by their name hence the term “baba”.
Why do Hindus visit Dargah?
India is a country where people follow different religions with mutual respect for each other. Everyone here has a right to visit any religious place. Like Muslims, even Hindus visit Dargah to make their wishes come true, they make dua, they perform chadarposhi, they burn a lamp and light it up at the Dargah, which is called chiragha. All these things they do with devotions and respect.
When to visit Dargah?
Every Dargah has it’s specific timings which are decided by Dargah committee to make the visits easy and comfortable for the devotees.
Are Dargah and Mosque same?
Dargah and Mosque are not the same; Dargah is the burial place of the sufi saints, and Mosque is the place where muslims pray.
Management of Dargah
Like other religious places and institutions, there is a management for Dargah known as Dargah committee. This committee manages all the aspects of Dargah rules, which may include the timings of Dargah darshan and the kinds of treatment the committee provides to the devotees who come for the darshan from various location of the country or from abroad.
Timings for Dargah darshan may vary person to person; if a VIP visits any shrine, the committee manages some special timings for his darshan because of the security protocol.
Dargah committee is also responsible for managing the timings of Dargah ki qawwali where they call different qawwali singers from different location to present their qawwali song to specific Dargah.
Haji ali Dargah ki qawwali is a famous qawwali.
Dargah langar is the practice to provide food to the people who come for Dargah ziyarat, the timings of which remains same through out the year (may differ from person to person) so the people who come here can benefit from the langar.
Not all but most of the Dargah has an in-campus Mosque, to facilitate the people who come for ziyarat (pay respect) so that they can pray easily after the darshan. Dargah Mosque is usually built by the Dargah committee.
There are many sufi saints who are resting in their Dargah’s but here are the top 10 Dargahs of the world based on the visits.
Sheikh Abdul Qader Jilani (R.A)
Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani is also known as Bade Peer Sahab, Gaus Pak & Ghaus E Azma. His resting place is in Baghdad, Iraq. Gaus pak is also called the king of all the saints. Niyaz of gyarvi sharif is also observed as a memory of Ghous pak’s anniversary. Abdul Qadir Jilani was the descendant of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) from both of his sides.
Gyarvin Sharif is the death anniversary of Sheikh Ghaus E Azam.
Lal Shahbaz Qalandar Shrine, Pakistan
Sehwan Sharif is the historic city of Sindh region in Pakistan and Sehwan sharif was also known as the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar. This shrine is visited by the devotees of all the religions (Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs etc).
Lal Shahbaz qalandar is also famous as Jhoole Lal.
Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi R.A
Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi was the 11th imam, he was born around 218 hijri in baghdad shareef. His actual name was juanaid baghdadi but he had multiple titles such as Abul Qasim, Sayyadut taaif.
Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi visited haramain sharif at the age of seven. There was a gathering of not less then 400 Ulma here. After listening to Hazrat about gratefulness, all the ulema who were presented in the meeting said that they could not have described it better.
Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi had several karamats (supernatural wonders which are done by Auliya Allah);one of his biggest karamat is to be very firm on Shariah and every action of his life was the refection of the Sunnah of Holy Porphet (PBUH).
Imam Hasan al-Basri (R.A)
Imam Hasan al-Basri was the son of a freed slave and a famous companion of Prophet (Pbuh), Hasan al-Basri was born in Madina and brought-up in the house of Ummul Momineen, it is said that Hasan was one the 70 fighters of Battle of Badr but after few year he was migrated to basra due to this he is called Basri.
Syed Abu Masoodd Mahmood Shah (R.A)
Pir Syed Abu Masood was born in the month of Shabaan, he was a muahaddis and recieved khilafat from main spiritual ordes of Qadriya, Naqshbandiya, Chishtiya and Suhurwardia, His Dargah is located in Pakistan and every year People observe the urs sharif on his Dargah.
Mevlana Museum, Turkey
Mevlana in urdu is Maulana so the maulana museum in turkey is the final resting place of a famous poet Jalaluddin Muhammad Rumi,
There are many rumi followers around the globe and they keep visiting this Dargah from across the globe, this museum has many things such as old prayer rugs and very tiny Koran.
Shrine of Janab Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, Kazakhstan
Turkestan is the city where this shrine of Janab Khoja Ahmed Yasawi is located, this shrine was commissioned by Timur, Janab Ahmed Yasawi was the philosopher, Poet & of-course a sufi, the construction of shrine was halted after the death of Timur.
Great Mosque of Touba, Senegal
Sheikh Ahmadu Bamba was born in Africa region, Sheikh Ahmadu Bamba was the one who founded murees brotherhood movement, this Mosque is one of the holiest places in Africa.
Hazrat Shah Jalal (R.A) Mazar
Khwaja Shah Jamal was the prominent personality in spreading the Islam In unified Bengal, his shrine is located in Sylhet which is the city in the eastern part of Bangladesh at the bank of surma river, the main attraction of this Dargah is the pond of catfishes.
Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque, Egypt
After Cairo, Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt, Alexandria is the major economic hub of Egypt, other then that Alexandria is also famous for it’s Abu Al-Abbas Al-Mursi Mosque, this Mosque has the shrine of Hazrat Al-mursi, Al-mursi was the teacher who devoted his 40 years to spread his teachings across the region, this Mosque is beautifully constructed with the colored glass windows, this Mosque is spread over 43,000 square miles.
These are top 10 Dargahs in the world, there are countless sufi saints are resting in their Dargahs but we chosen these on the basis of visits and their international acceptances.
If their mannat is fulfilled then they do what ever they commit at the time of making dua. Commitment at the time of dua for the fulfillment of their mannat may include the Dargah ziyarat again with the token of thanks. Devotees may fast, or give charity and varies from person to person.
Coming to India, we all know that India is the land of Sufi Saints. We are going to discuss the top 5 Dargahs in India.
For those who are unaware, Khwaja Moin Ud Din Chishti is also knowns as garib nawaz, the Dargah of Khwaja Garib Nawaz is in Ajmer. Ajmer is a very famous town in the state of Rajasthan, India. He was a migrant from persia and Garib nawaz is considered the prominent personality among the spiritual leaders in the world,this tomb is built with marbles and has 11 arches with the reflection of persian art.
Devotees of every religion visit this tomb throughout the year. There is no barrier of cast and creed to seek blessings from Khwaja Garib Nawaz Dargah.
Other than common people even the kings of India have visited this Ajmer Sharif Dargah and paid respect to Khwaja Garib Nawaz.
Ajmer Dargah has miracles and these karamat were done by Khwaja Garib Nawaz. This is one of the most famous Dargahs around the world.
The management committee hosts the annual urs on this Dargah. Urs is the death anniversary of the saintly figure, hundreds of thousands of people attend this event. The flag hosting on buland darwaza is the main ceremony of this urs, buland darwza is the Dargah gate, not to be confused with the buland darwaza of fatehpur sikri, which is a monument. Buland darwaza means a big gate.
Kaliyar is the small town in the Uttaranchal state. As we know Dargah kaliyar sharif is one of the holy places in India and is the resting place of Khwaja Sabir Kaliyari. He was a saintly figure in Roorkee, another town, which is also famous for Piran Kaliyar Sharif Dargah. Roorkee is 10 Km from Kaliyar and 178km from Delhi. There are lot of buses available for the journey.
Fatehpur Sikri is a historical city in Uttar Pradesh, India and is about 55 km from the another historical city Agra which is famous for Taj Mahal.
Dargah Hazrat Salim Chishti is very famous for its special visit of Mughal Emperor Akbar The Great, who visited the Dargah for making dua to be blessed with a baby boy.
It is said that after making his supplications King Akbar was blessed with baby boy and he named him Salim. This Dargah is very famous among the parents who wish to make dua for thier kids.
Dargah Sarkar Waris Pak is also known as Dewa Sharif Dargah, Waris Shah is a sufi saint and his resting place is located in Dewa, a town in Barabanki district. The structure of dewa sharif Dargah is pure white and the green dome on top of that makes it even more charming. Sarkar waris pak is a famous peer baba, his Dargah ki qawwali “Mera Yaar Haji Waris” is very popular. When visited, it is very easy to listen to this Dargah ki qawwali at the entrance of the gate. Like other Dargah’s gate, there is a proper market where you can buy chadar to present on Dargah and the stuff for tabarruk. It even has accommodation for devotees which is within the premises. The thing which makes this Dargah different is that every year people celebrate and enjoy the festival of Holi on the tomb of Sarkar Waris Pak.
Being the capital of India, Delhi is considered as the heart of the country, wherein lies Dargah Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya. However Delhi has many Dargahs such as Chiragh Dilli Dargah, Bibi Fathima ki Dargah and Qutub Sahab ki Dargah.
The Tomb of Nizamuddin Auliya is in South part of Delhi, near to Humyaun Tomb and Nizammuddin Railway Station. There are several hotels, lodges and guest houses near the Dargah, where it is easy to get the accommodation .
Dargah is a sanctuary, a sacred resting place of saints that have been a source of blessings for centuries.
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